FASCISM & NAZISM IN ARAB MUSLIM PALESTINE – HISTORIC ACCOUNT
FASCISM & NAZISM IN ARAB MUSLIM PALESTINE – HISTORIC ACCOUNT
Important keywords, phrases:
- Arab Nazi Party
- Arab National party in Palestine
- Arab national movement
- pro-Nazi Arabs
- Nazi diplomat and Arabist Fritz Grobba
- “the fuhrer of the Arab world”
- the Mufti, “was one of the worst and fanatical fascists and anti-Semites.”
- al-Futuwwa youth corps
- Arab Nazi Scouts
- Palestinian Arab Party
- Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine
- Palestine Defense Society
- an Arab state of a Fascist nature, including Iraq, Syria, Palestine and Trans-Jordan
- Einsatzgruppe Egypt
- Nazis with the help of the Palestinians also were to exterminate half a million Jews
- al-Hizb al-Watani al-Arabi
- Anwar Sadat
- Arafat, who formed a long-lasting friendship with the Nazi commando
- Arab High Committee
The Arabs beg for an ‘ARAB NAZI PARTY,’ they’re turned down by Nazi Germany…
”The third Reich & the Palestine question,” Francis R. Nicosia, Transaction Publishers, 2000, pages 90-91
After 1933, there were attempts in the Arab world to establish political parties based on Fascist or National Socialist principles and organization. Both [German representatives: Fritz] Grobba and [Heinrich] Wolf were approached in 1933 by individuals with plans to create National Socialist parties in Iraq and Palestine, respectively. The Palestine correspondent of the newspaper Al-Ahram, Joseph Francis, represented a group of Palestinian Arabs who were interested in establishing such a party. Francis wrote to Wolf in April, 1933, requesting the help of the Consulate-General in thsi endeavor. In Baghdad, a similar overture was made to Fritz Grobba by Abdul Ghaffur el-Bedri, publisher of the newspaper Istiqlal, and a group of his supporters, Wolf’s strong opposition to any sort of German encouragement or support for an Arab Nazi party in Palestine was conveyed in a note to the Foreign Office in Berlin in June, 1933,… In Berlin, the Foreign Office concurred with Wolf’s opposition to Arab efforts to involve Germany in the creation of an Arab National party in Palestine… provided the rationale behind the instructions issued to Wolf on the matter…
The objections that Herr Wolf has raised against the promotion of an Arab National Socialist movement by official German representatives are fully supported here. Given the notorious political unreliablity of the Arabs”
Wolf was instructed to discourage contact between pro-Nazi Arabs and the various Ortsgruppen [local branches] of the NSDAP in Palestine, to which many Palastinadeutche were beginning to flock…
The seeds, planted by Arab-Muslim “Palestine” leader: the Mufti
The Arab-Islamic Palestinian wartime leader, the Mufti, “was one of the worst and fanatical fascists and anti-Semites,” He intervened with the Nazis to prevent the escape to Palestine of thousands of European Jews, who were sent instead to the death camps. He also conspired with the Nazis to bring the Holocaust to Palestine. The mufti “invented a new form of Jew-hatred by recasting it in an Islamic mold,” according to German scholar Matthias Küntzel. The mufti’s fusion of European anti-Semtism—particularly the ”’genocidal”’ variety—with Koranic views of Jewish wickedness has become the hallmark of Islamists world-wide, from al Qaeda to Hamas and Hezbollah. During his time in Berlin, the mufti ran the Nazis’ Arab-language propaganda radio program, which incited Muslims in the Mideast to “kill the Jews wherever you find them. This pleases God, history and religion.” Among the many listeners was also the man later known as Ayatollah Khomeini, who used to tune in to Radio Berlin every evening, according to Amir Taheri’s biography of the Iranian leader. Khomeini’s disciple Mahmoud Ahmadinejad still spews the same venom pioneered by the mufti as do Islamic hate preachers around the world.
Muslim Judeophobia is not—as is commonly claimed—a reaction to the Mideast conflict but one of its main “root causes.” It has been fueling Arab rejection of a Jewish state long before Israel’s creation.
The third Reich & the Palestine question By Francis R. Nicosia:
In 1938, Amin Al-Huseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem (Mufti) met secretly with Wilhelm Canaris, chief of Germany’s Abwehr, or military intelligence. The Abwehr had sought tosmuggle weapons into Palestine through Saudi Arabia to assist the Arab revolt, but planswere aborted because Berlin feared the British would discover the source. In anothermeeting, this one in Damascus, Nazi diplomat and Arabist Fritz Grobba gave the Mufti’s secretary £800 just to keep the financial connection with Berlin alive.
(From: “Preachers of hate”
The coup in Iran meant that Haj Mohammad Amin al-Husseini had to flee once again. He sought refuge in the Italian embassy in Tehran, and on Oct. 8, 1941, “with shaven beard, dyed hair and an Italian service passport,” he left for Italy with the rest of the Italian embassy staff now that the new shah had broken diplomatic relations with the Axis powers.
But the expulsion from Tehran presented al-Husseini with a tremendous opportunity he had so far been lacking: direct contact with Axis leaders. During an initial meeting with Italian military intelligence after his arrival in Rome, the mufti said he was prepared to join the Axis war effort “on the sole condition that they recognize in principle the unity, independence and sovereignty of an Arab state of a Fascist nature, including Iraq, Syria, Palestine and Trans-Jordan.”
His handlers offered him a modest stipend to fund his efforts (1 million lire, or around $40,000); but more important, they recommended that Mussolini receive him in person. Al-Husseini later described his meeting in Rome with Il Duce on Oct. 27, 1941, as a total triumph. Mussolini, he wrote, expressed unremitting hostility to the Jews. Calling Mussolini “a veteran anti-Zionist,” al-Husseini went on to quote him as uttering steadfast opposition to a Jewish state in Palestine. The Jews, Mussolini reportedly said, “have no historical, racial or other reason to establish a state in Palestine. If the Jews want it, they should establish Tel Aviv in America.” It was an ominous foreshadowing of the comments Hamas leaders made… more than five decades later in Gaza.
Icon of Evil: Hitler’s Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam
Authors David Dalin, John Rothmann, Alan Dershowitz
Publisher Transaction Publishers, 2009
A chilling, fascinating, and nearly forgotten historical figure is resurrected in this riveting work that links the fascism of the last century with the terrorism of our own. Written with vigor and extraordinary access to primary sources in several languages, Icon of Evilis the definitive account of the man who, during World War II, was called “the fuhrer of the Arab world” and whose ugly legacy lives on today. With new and disturbing details, David G. Dalin and John F. Rothmann show how al -Husseini ingratiated himself with his hero, Adolf Hitler, becoming, with his blond hair and blue eyes, an “honorary Aryan” while dreaming of being installed as Nazi leader of the Middle East.
Al-Husseini would later recruit more than 100,000 Muslims in Europe to fight in divisions of the Waffen-SS, and obstruct negotiations with the Allies that might have allowed four thousand Jewish children to escape to Palestine.
Some believe that al-Husseini even inspired Hitler to implement the Final Solution. At wars end, al-Husseini escaped indictment at Nuremberg and was harbored in France.Icon of Evilchronicles al-Husseinis postwar relationships with such influential Islamic figures as the radical theoretician Sayyid Qutb and Saddam Husseins powerful uncle General Khairallah Talfah and his crucial mentoring of the young Yasser Ararat.
Finally, it provides compelling evidence that al-Husseinis actions and writings serve as inspirations today to the leaders of Hamas, Hezbollah, and other terrorist organizations pledged to destroy Israel and the United States.
Al-Husseini sought refuge in neighboring Iran. The mufti arrived in Tehran on June 1, where he was welcomed by the pro-Nazi Shah Reza Pahlavi. From his sancuary at the Japanaese embassy in Tehran, the mufti began to incite anti-Jewish hatred and violence as he had done throughout much of his stay in Baghdad. His well-deserved reputation as an anti-Jewish provocateur oroceeded him.
In response to his anti-Jewish pronouncements and propaganda, a large number of Iranian Jews actually fled from Tehran to Instanbul. They feared the sorts of reprisals that Baghdad’s Jews had suffered…
The mufti was given sancuary in the Italian embassy in Tehran, where he hid for several days…
al-Husseini had to flee once again, this time from iran, to Turkey, and then to Italy. In the daed of night on October 11, 1941, travelling incognito with his beard shaven, hair dyed, and a counterfeit Italian passport, the mufti was flown to Italy on an Italian air force plane sent by Benito Mussolini. Upon his arrival in Rope, the red carpet was rolled out by the Italian authorities.
Mussolini’s Fascist government was generous in its hospitality to its new ally.
Jordan, its people, its society, its culture, George Lawrence Harris [HRAF Press, 1958]
al-Hizb al-Watani al-Arabi is an old Palestinian Party sponsored by the former Mufti of Jerusalem
It is by now generally acknowledged that the Arab riots of 1936-1939 Palestine were stimulated and subsidised by Nazi and Fascist sources.
From Hitler to the “Arab Reich”
Members of the Muslim Brotherhood would often say prayers for an Axis victory during their meetings. Moreover, some Muslims went so far as to fantasize over putative Islamic affinities of fascist leaders. For example, rumors abounded that Benito Mussolini was an Egyptian Muslim whose real name was Musa Nili (Moses of the Nile) and that Adolf Hitler too had secretly converted to Islam and bore the name Hayder, or “the brave one.” (Published in 1987, see Amir Taheri, Holy Terror: Inside the World of Islamic Terrorism, p. 50.) During the 1930s, the Third Reich had received entreaties from the Arab world. After the Nazi government promulgated the Nuremberg Laws in 1936, which greatly diminished the legal citizenship status of Jews, telegrams of support were sent to Hitler from all over the Arab and Islamic world. And Nazi Germany’s war against the British Empire next, electrified the Islamic world even more, whose people viewed it as a noble struggle against imperialism. Furthermore, Germany and the Arab world shared the same enemies (England, Zionism, and communism).
Many Arab nationalists looked to Germany for inspiration during the 1930s and 1940s and saw National Socialism as a viable model for state building. Hitler’s Mein Kamph found a receptive readership in parts of the Arabic world. Many aspiring Arab leaders sought to emulate the German fuehrer and his National Socialist movement. As far back as 1933, Arab nationalists in Syria and Iraq embraced National Socialism. In Egypt, a protofascist organization, Young Egypt, also known as the Green Shirts, attracted many army officers, The grand mufti is believed to have been instrumental in the group’s formation. The Green Shirts went by different official names during its history, including Misf alFarlit in the 1930s, the Islamic National Party in 1940, and the Socialist Party in 1946. Its leader, Mmed Hussein, also wrote a book in the style of Hitler’s Mein Kampf titled Imlini and published a rabidly anti-Semitic journal called al-Ichtirakya. During a visit to New York in the late 1940s, Mmed Hussein, the leader of the Green Shirt Party, addressed a meeting of the extreme right National Renaissance Party (NRP). Kurt Mertig, the NRP’s first chairman, hoped to get a post at Cairo University. (Kevin Coogan, Dreamer of the Day: Francis Parker Yockey and the Postwar Fascist International, 1999, pp. 380, 387.)
Members of the Green Shirts, including young lieutenant colonel and future Egyptian president Anwar Sadat, along with Wing Commander Hassan Ibrahim and General Aziz al-Masri, attempted to execute a scheme in World War II in which they would link up with Rommel’s Afrika Korps and supply them with secret information on British strategy and troop movements. the Nazis with the help of the Palestinians also were to exterminate half a million Jews in what is now Israel plus all Jews in Tunisia and Syria. And as detailed in the recent “Wegbereiter der Shoa. Die Waffen-SS, der Kommandostab Reichsführer-SS und die Judenvernichtung 1939 – 1945″– in 1942, the Nazis created a special “Einsatzgruppe,” a mobile SS death squad, which was to carry out the mass slaughter similar to the way they operated in eastern Europe. “Einsatzgruppe Egypt” was standing by in Athens and was ready to disembark for Palestine in the summer of 1942, attached to the “Afrika Korps.” Although hopes of a pan-German and pan-Arab alliance would be dashed with the defeat of Rommel, his early military successes gained admiration from the Arab population and as we will see in part 2 of this new 4 part series, this endured after the war.
Fascists and Fundamentalists
Skorzeny had also been spending time in Egypt. In 1952 the country had been taken over by the CIA-backed General Mohammed Naguib, who was effectively a puppet of Egyptian Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser. Skorzeny was sent to Egypt the following year by former Nazi General Reinhard Gehlen, who was now working for the CIA, to act as Naguib’s military advisor. Skorzeny recruited a staff made up of former SS officers to train the Egyptian army. Among these die-hard Nazis were General Oskar Dirlewanger, the “Butcher of Warsaw,” and Adolf Eichmann, the man who engineered the Final Solution.
Many other Nazis joined Skorzeny in Egypt, attracted to the Naguib/Nasser government’s tolerance for fascism and their shared hatred for the newly created state of Israel. The Nazis further fueled Arab antisemitism with translated copies of Mein Kampf and The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
In addition to training the army, Skorzeny also trained Arab volunteers in commando tactics for possible use against British troops stationed in the Suez Canal zone. Several Palestinian refugees also received commando training, and Skorzeny planned their initial strikes into Israel via the Gaza Strip in 1953-1954. One of these Palestinians was a young Yasser Arafat, who formed a long-lasting friendship with the Nazi commando.
Armies of the young: child soldiers in war and terrorism By David M. Rosen, page 106
,,,The shrill calls to take up extremist politics invoked a symbolism that glorified youth, violence, and death. By 1936 Al Difaa, the paper of the Istiqlal movement and the most widely read paper in the Arab community, proclaimed, in clearly fascist tones, that “youth must go out to the field of battle as soldiers of the Fatherland.” Others argued that the “Land is in need of a youth, healthy in body and soul like Nazi youth in Germany and the fascist youth in Italy which stands ready for the orders of its leaders and ready to sacrifice its life for the honor of its people and freedom of its fatherland.”
…Nationalist rhetoric accompanied major efforts to build fascist-style youth organizations by recruiting young men to serve as the strike force of the nationalist movement. Throughout the 1930s the children of wealthy Palestinians returned home from European universities having witnessed the emergence of fascist paramilitary forces. Palestinian students educated in Germany returned to Palestine determined to found the Arab Nazi Party. The Husseinis used the Palestinian Arab Party to establish the al-Futuwwa youth corps, which was named after an association of Arab Nazi Scouts. By 1936 the Palestinian Arab Party was sponsoring the developments of storm troops patterned on the German model. These storm troops, all children and youth, were to be outfitted in black trousers and red shirts… The young recruits took the following oath: “Life — my right; independence — my aspiration; Arabism — my country, and there is no room in it for any but Arabs. In this I believe and Allah is my witness.” .. The al-Futuwwa youth groups connected Palestinian youth to fascist youth movements elsewhere in the Middle East. While the Mufti was establishing youth groups in Palestine, al-Futuwwa groups were established in Iraq.
The Wiener Library bulletin, Volumes 17-19, 1963, page 25
Germans in Palestine, Nazis and Templars… A drastic change, however, came about in 1933. A Palestinian section of the Nazi Party had been established even before Hitler’s advent, and sub-branches sprang up in each of the German settlements as well as in the urban centres of… As a result of the encouragement given to Arab extremists by both the German settlers and by diplomatic representatives of Nazi Germany through …
IN SYRIA AND THE LEBANON connections between certain groups of Syrian leaders and the Axis States were of long standing…. the Iron Shirts (led by Fakhri al-Barudi of the National Bloc, still a member of the Syrian parliament in 1946); the League for National Action (headed by Abdu al-Huda al-Yab, Dr. Zaki al-Jabi and others); the An-Nadi al-Arabi Club of Damascus (headed by Dr. Said Abd Al-Fattah al-Imam); the Councils for the Defense of Arab Palestine (head by well known pro-Nazi leaders, such as Nabi al-Azmah, Adil Arslan and others); the Syrian People’s Party…
(The Arab war effort: a documented account By American Christian Palestine Committee, 1946, p. 7)
ROOTS of PALESTINIAN FASCISM
History Upside Down: The Roots of Palestinian Fascism and the Myth of Israeli Aggression
In the United Nations, on university campuses, and among a growing number of our most prestigious Western newspapers, the historical record has been rewritten so thoroughly that Israel is seen as the worst of the oppressive Western occupiers of the Third World. So successful has this propaganda campaign been that Palestinian spinmeisters and their apologists have effectively declared the Israelis, a people living in the shadow of the Holocaust, to be “Nazis.” How could this happen? How did unacceptable anti-Semitism morph into justifiable anti-Zionism, and odious Jew-hatred turn into a politically correct Israel-hatred? In History Upside Down, David Meir-Levi exposes the ideological DNA of Palestinian nationalism and its ludicrous “alternative” histories, revealing how Nazi fascism gave the Arab world’s amorphous hatred of the Jews an intellectual structure and how Soviet communism masked its genocidal intentions with the mantle of national liberation.
Meir-Levi then explodes the cornerstone myths that the Palestinian movement created–myths that rationalize and celebrate decades of unremitting terror and genocidal ambitions, turning the history of the Middle East upside down and inside out, making the victim the aggressor and the aggressor the victim. History Upside Down is the first wave in a counterattack against this Arab war on history. It rejects the idea that the basic situation in the Middle East has changed since the United Nations first established the Jewish state and the Palestinian state that would have stood alongside it. Sadly, argues Meir-Levi, the issue in the Middle East is today what it has been since the Muslim invasion in the seventh century: the Arabs’ hatred of the Jews.
A history of Zionism by Walter Laqueur, Tauris Parke Paperbacks, 2003 [page 263]
The (1936) Arab national movement… had imposed a despotic, fascist regime on the entire community.
The Arab war effort: a documented account By American Christian Palestine Committee, 1946, page 33
With the stimulus that the ex-Mufti exerted and with the German armies sweeping victoriously over the Continent of Europe, the Muthana Club, Moslem Guidance Society, the Palestine Defense Society, the Tajaddad Club, and the Arab Rover Society, to quote the names of but a few bodies and societies, intensified their pro-Nazi subversive activities in the hopes that by so doing they would eventually, through enemy assistance, realize their Pan-Arab aspirations.
Letter to an Arab friend By André Chouraqui, Univ of Massachusetts Press, 1972
In 1936… That year an Arab High Committee was formed in the month of April and was presidedover by the mufti, Hadz Amin el Husseini. It included the most reactionary elements of the Arab world and enleashed a revolt which transformed Palestine into a stronghold occupied by more than twenty thousand British soldiers. These Arab elements had been inspired by Fascists and Nazis, a fact since established by the publication of the secret Wilhemstrasse Archives. The Arab High Committee had receieved the financial support of the Nazis and Fascists who financed the revolt, with the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin el Husseini, acting as intermediary. Hitler and his police achieved in Palestine what they had attempted throughout the Arab world (against the Jews)
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